Organisation of justice - the judicial system
The judicial system of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is divided into a judicial branch and an administrative branch. In addition to these two branches, there is also the Constitutional Court.
Ordinary courts of law
The Constitution requires the courts and tribunals to exercise judicial power and to apply general and local orders and regulations only insofar as they comply with existing laws.
1. Ordinary courts of law
The Supreme Court of Justice
Positioned at the top of the hierarchy of courts in the judicial system is the Supreme Court of Justice which comprises a Court of Cassation and a Court of Appeal, plus a Supreme Prosecutor’s Office. It is in Luxembourg.
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is divided into two judicial districts, each with a District Court, one in Luxembourg and the other in Diekirch.
Justices of the Peace
There are three Justices of the Peace, one in Luxembourg, one in Esch-sur-Alzette (Luxembourg judicial district) and one in Diekirch (Diekirch judicial district).
2. Specialised courts
Higher Social Security Board
The Higher Social Security Board (Conseil supérieur des assurances sociales) comprises a president, advisors appointed from the judges and two delegates from the National Health Fund (Caisse Nationale de Santé - CNS).
The Social Security Arbitration Board (Conseil arbitral de la sécurité sociale) comprises a president and two delegates from the National Health Fund (CNS).
Courts of law within the administrative branch
The Administrative Court
The Administrative Court comprises five judges and has a single division with a bench of three judges.
The Administrative Tribunal
The Administrative Tribunal comprises ten judges and has three divisions with benches of three judges.
Information on the Ministry of Justice, legal professions, legislation, the courts, the prisons, citizens’ services, forms and news are available on the website of the Ministry of Justice.
Is access to the database free of charge?
Yes, access to the databases is free of charge.
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