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Defendants (criminal proceedings)


These factsheets explain what happens when a person is suspected of or accused of a crime which is dealt with by a trial in court.  For information on minor offences like road traffic offences, which are usually dealt with by a fixed penalty like a fine, go to Factsheet 5. If you are the victim of a crime, you can find full information about your rights here.

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Summary of the criminal process

The following is a summary of the normal stages in the criminal process in the Slovak Republic:

The pre-trial process consists of the following stages:

  • Prior to criminal prosecution;
  • Investigation (preparatory proceedings).

The trial process consists of the following stages:

  • Preliminary review and examination of the indictment;
  • Main trial;
  • Appeal;
  • Appeal to the Supreme Court;
  • Reopening of the case and other legal options;
  • Execution process that is carrying out the sentence.

Click on the links below to find the information that you need

1 – Getting legal advice

2 – My rights during the investigation process

  • Launching  of an investigation and bringing charges
  • Questioning of the defendant
  • Detention and arrest (including the European Arrest Warrant)
  • Being taken into custody and release
  • Course of the investigation
  • Completion of the investigation

3 – My rights during the trial

4 – My rights after the trial

5 – Road traffic offences

Last update: 18/05/2020

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