Initial training of lawyers in the European Union


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1 General description

1.1 Is initial training offered, if yes is it compulsory?

Yes, it is mandatory.

1.2 Does initial training differentiate between categories of trainees, e.g. for in-house lawyers and advocates?

There is a difference between trainee at the Bar and trainees in house.

In house lawyers training are organized by the employers.

1.3 Which entities are responsible for organising initial training?

The Hungarian Bar is responsible for organizing training. During the induction period The Bar may outsource training to other training providers. The content of training is regulated by the competent Bars at regional level.

1.4 What is the statutory basis for initial training?

Act on lawyers 2017. évi LXXVIII. törvény

2 Access to the initial training

2.1 Are there conditions for accessing the training?

The access is free.

2.2 What is the main recruitment procedure? If it is competitive - who runs it?

There is no recruitment procedure.

2.3 Are there alternative access routes to the training?


3 Format and content of the initial training

3.1 What is the duration and time frames of the training?

Three years it is a fixed period of learning it is a fixed period of learning after getting Diploma at the University.

3.2 How is the training organised?

The training runs decentralized among local Bars and universities all over the country.

3.3 Who are the trainers?

Both categories, lawyers and University professors the trainers could be lawyers, judges, University professors those who has experience. They are not full time employed.

3.4 What is the content and objectives of the initial training?

Freely determined by the local Bars The objective is to train well informed lawyers. The content: legal, ethical and rules of profession knowledge.

3.5 Who designs the initial training programmes?

The programs are designed by the chief executives of the local Bars.

3.6 What methodology is used for the training?

Face to face lectures and e-learning trainings.

3.7 What practical elements of the training are applicable to the trainees?

They should be present at the lectures, the consequence of specified amount of absence is not accepted.

3.8 How are trainees evaluated/assessed? How often and by whom?

It depends on the local Bar’s expectations, eg. Budapest Bar has yearly finishing the semester an exam for the trainees mainly in writing but if it fails they should have oral exam. Examiners are trainers.

3.9 Are there any training activities carried out in conjunction with other legal professionals? If yes: How does it work?


3.10 What are the specificities regarding EU law training, linguistic training and European components of initial training, for example participation in CCBE or ELF activities?

It depends on the regional Bars. For example, the Budapest Bar training program includes lectures on EU law.

3.11 How many trainees are accepted for training? Are the numbers of trainees adjusted annually and by who?

Every local Bar has the right to make decision.

4 Termination of the initial training and qualification process

4.1 Does the initial training conclude with a final exam? How is it organised? Who is responsible for the exam?

Ministry of Justice manages the final exam after a three years training period giving a Decree on State Exam. The Ministry is responsible for the exam and the Ministry organizes it.

4.2 Is there a further recruitment procedure to become a lawyer upon completion of the initial training?

There is no further process.

Last update: 27/04/2022

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