Regulation (EU) 2020/1784 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the service in the Member States of judicial and extrajudicial documents in civil or commercial matters (service of documents) (recast) seeks to improve and expedite the transmission of judicial and extrajudicial documents in civil or commercial matters for service between the Member States. The Regulation replaced Council Regulation (EC) No 1393/2007 as of 1 July 2022.
However, the decentralised IT system as an obligatory means of communication to be used for the transmission and receipt of requests, forms and other communication will only start applying from 1 May 2025 (the first day of the month following the period of three years after the date of entry into force of the implementing act referred to in Article 25 (for further details see Article 37 of Regulation (EU) 2020/1784)).
The Regulation applies between all Member States of the European Union including Denmark which confirmed its intention to implement the content of the Regulation by means of a declaration based on a parallel agreement concluded with the European Community.
The Regulation provides for different ways of transmitting and serving documents: transmission through transmitting and receiving agencies, transmission by consular or diplomatic channels, service by postal services, electronic service and direct service.
The Regulation provides for twelve forms.
Additional information: Service of documents
Completed forms should be sent to the relevant competent authority in a manner required by the authority. More information on the contact details for competent authorities, relevant national legislature etc. can be found in the European Judicial Atlas section. This page includes a search tool to find the competent authorities to which to send completed forms.
Go to the Service of documents forms.
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