Jurisprudence

  • Informations concernant l’affaire
    • ID national: Council of State, Judgement 418394
    • État membre: France
    • Nom commun:N/A
    • Type de décision: Décision de la Cour suprême
    • Date de la décision: 12/07/2019
    • Juridiction: Conseil d’Etat
    • Objet:
    • Demandeur:
    • Défendeur:
    • Mots clés: Transposition, package, liability, cancellation
  • Articles de la directive
    Package Travel Directive, Article 12 Package Travel Directive, Article 13 Package Travel Directive, Article 14
  • Note introductive

    ECLI:FR: CECHR :2019:418394.20190712

    The Council of State affirms that Ordinance no. 2017-1717 of 20 December 2017 correctly transposed European Directive 2015/2302 relating to package travel and related travel services.

  • Faits

    The applicant organisations, considering that Ordinance No 2017-1717 of 20 December 2017 transposing European Directive 2015/2302 on package travel and related travel services has not correctly transposed that Directive, principally, seek its annulment and its replacement either by another order or by a bill.

  • Question juridique

    Has the transposition of European Directive 2015/2302 on package travel and related travel services been correctly carried out by Ordinance No. 2017-1717 of 20 December 2017?

  • Décision

    First of all, by instituting liability by operation of law for professionals who sell a tourist package, unless they prove that the damage is attributable to the traveller or to a third party, the ordinance correctly transposed the Directive and did not, contrary to what is maintained, institute in French law a liability of professionals which is more extensive than that resulting from the objectives of the Directive.

    Secondly, the scope given by national law to the concept of 'professionals' is, in the present case, in accordance with the objectives of the Directive as regards the designation of the professional whose liability may be incurred.

    Also, it is without error of law that the Ordinance has substituted the European term "termination" for "cancellation", since termination is, according to Article 1229 of the Civil Code (in the version given to it by the Ordinance of 10 February 2016) only a special case of termination, as is the case for travel contracts which are terminated before the start of the journey but after payment of certain sums by the traveller.

    Finally, neither the contested Ordinance nor the Directive which it transposes infringes, respectively, the freedom to conduct business, guaranteed by the Constitution, and the freedom of enterprise, guaranteed by Article 16 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. In reaching that conclusion, the Council of State considered only whether the Directive, which the contested order transposes, infringes that fundamental principle of European Union law.

    URL: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichJuriAdmin.do;jsessionid=518DE42E8D94F25C085CD8E0AB74FD2D.tplgfr35s_1?oldAction=rechExpJuriAdmin&idTexte=CETATEXT000038759045&fastReqId=44198572&fastPos=18

    Texte intégral: Texte intégral

  • Affaires liées

    Aucun résultat disponible

  • Doctrine

    Aucun résultat disponible

  • Résultat

    The action is dismissed in its entirety. The transposition of European Directive 2015/2302 on package travel and related travel services has been correctly carried out by Ordinance No. 2017-1717 of 20 December 2017.