Giurisprudenza

  • Dettagli del caso
    • ID nazionale: 4843
    • Stato membro: Italia
    • Nome comune:Ambrogio Ciocca v. Soc. Galassia
    • Tipo di decisione: Altro
    • Data della decisione: 14/04/2000
    • Organo giurisdizionale: Corte di cassazione
    • Oggetto:
    • Attore:
    • Convenuto:
    • Parole chiave:
  • Articoli della direttiva
    Doorstep Selling Directive, Article 1, 1. Doorstep Selling Directive, Article 2
  • Nota introduttiva
    1. Under the article 2, letter a), of the Law 15 January 1992, n. 50, concerning the consumer contracts negotiated away from business premises, the notion of consumer is determined accordingly to the nature (i.e. professional or non-professional) of the activity carried at the conclusion of the agreement.
    2. Consequently, a person, who is buying goods of services necessary to star a business activity, may not be considered a “consumer” for the purposes of such Law.
  • Fatti
    Galassia s.r.l. opposed to the injunction rendered by the Pretore di Milano, sezione di Cassano d'Adda, to pay a certain amount of money to Mr. Ciocca.
    The company affirmed that the Pretore di Milano was not competent for the case, because the contract with Mr. Ciocca does not fall within the scope of the Law 15 January 1992, n. 50.
    The Pretore di Milano agreed with the argument of the company and rejected the case.
    Mr. Ciocca asked to the Corte di cassazione to determine the applicable jurisdiction in the case.
  • Questione giuridica
  • Decisione

    The Corte di cassazione stated that Mr. Ciocca may not be deemed “a consumer” for the purposes of the article 2, letter a) of the Law 15 January 1992, n. 50.
    Under such Law, “consumer” means a natural person who, in transactions covered by the Law, is acting for purposes which can be regarded as outside his trade or profession; and “trader” means a natural or legal person who, for the transaction in question, acts in his commercial or professional capacity, and anyone acting in the name or on behalf of a trader.
    The notion of consumer of the Italian Law is in compliance with the definition provided by the Directive 85/577/EEC of 20 December 1985 to protect the consumer in respect of contracts negotiated away from business premises.
    Since Mr. Ciocca has bought goods necessary to start a business, he may not be considered “a consumer” under such Law.
    As a consequence, the article 12 of the Law 15 January 1992, n. 50 is not applicable and the case is subject to the ordinary rules of the Italian Code of Civil Procedure.

    Testo integrale: Testo integrale

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