Defendants (criminal proceedings)


These factsheets explain the procedure of law enforcement authorities if you are suspected of or accused of a crime.

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Summary of the criminal process

The following is a summary of the normal stages in the criminal process in the Slovak Republic.

The pre-trial process consists of the following stages:

  • steps prior to initiation of criminal prosecution;
  • pre-trial preparations (investigation).

The trial process consists of the following stages:

  • examination and preliminary hearing of the indictment;
  • main trial;
  • appeal process (ordinary appeal [odvolanie] to a higher-instance court, further appeal [dovolanie] to the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic [Najvyšší súd Slovenskej Republiky], reopening of the case);
  • enforcement process, carrying out the sentence and protective measures.

Click on the links below to find the information that you need

My rights during the investigation

My rights during trial

My rights after trial

Last update: 02/03/2022

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