The European Union (EU) and its Member States are founded on the rule of law, the principle of democracy, and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. This means that the law is above everyone and applies to everyone, and that it is adopted under a democratic procedure. Any acts and decisions taken by the state and/or its public authorities have to be in line with its law. In particular, the law guarantees the citizens' fundamental rights and freedoms.
Each of the EU Member States has its own law, legal system and constitutional requirements and procedures for the adoption of law. In addition, all Member States are bound by the law of the European Union and by international law.
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