FINDING COMPETENT COURTS/AUTHORITIES
The search tool below will help you to identify court(s)/authority(ies) competent for a specific European legal instrument. Please note that although every effort has been made to ascertain the accuracy of the results, there may be some exceptional cases concerning the determination of competence that are not necessarily covered.
Article 29(1)(a) - Courts with jurisdiction
Jurisdiction to issue European orders for payment lies with the chamber for the protection of vulnerable adults (juge des contentieux de la protection), the president of the general court (tribunal judiciaire), the local court (tribunal de proximité) and the president of the commercial court (tribunal de commerce) within the limits of their subject-matter competence.
Where Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters refers, not to the courts or tribunals that have territorial jurisdiction, but to the courts or tribunals of a Member State, jurisdiction lies with the court of the place of residence of the defendant or one of the defendants.
Article 29(1)(b) - Review procedure
The rules governing the review procedure in the exceptional cases provided for in Article 20 of the Regulation are exactly the same as those applicable to the opposition procedure. Requests for review must be submitted to the court which issued the European order for payment.
Article 29(1)(c) - Means of communication
Applications for European orders for payment may be submitted to the relevant court by post or electronically.
Article 29(1)(d) - Accepted languages
The languages accepted pursuant to Article 21(2)(b) are: French, English, German, Italian and Spanish.
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