Summary of the criminal process
The following is a summary of the normal stages in the criminal process:
- Hearing of the case in the Court of First Instance
- Review of the case in the Court of Appeal
- Review of the case in the Supreme Court
- Review of current court rulings
Details about all of these stages in the process and about your rights can be found in the factsheets.
This information is not a substitute for legal advice and is intended to be for guidance only.
Role of the European Commission
Please note that the European Commission has no role in criminal proceedings in Member States and cannot assist you if you have a complaint. Information is provided in these factsheets about how to complain and to whom.
Click on the links below to find the information that you need
2 – My rights during the investigation of a crime
- Certain procedural steps
3 – My rights during the trial
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.