Organisation of justice – judicial systems
The judicial system of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is divided into a judicial branch and an administrative branch. In addition to these two branches, there is also the Constitutional Court (Cour constitutionnelle).
Ordinary courts of law
The Constitution requires the courts to exercise judicial power and to apply general and local regulations and orders only insofar as they comply with the law.
1. Ordinary courts of law
The Supreme Court of Justice
At the top of the hierarchy of courts in the judicial system stands the Supreme Court of Justice (Cour supérieure de Justice), which comprises a Court of Cassation (Cour de Cassation) and a Court of Appeal (Cour d’Appel), plus a Supreme Prosecutor’s Office (Parquet Général). It is in Luxembourg.
The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is divided into two judicial districts (arrondissements judiciaires), and each has a District Court (Tribunal d’Arrondissement): one is in Luxembourg and the other is in Diekirch.
Justices of the Peace
There are three courts of justices of the peace (justices de paix), one in Luxembourg, one in Esch-sur-Alzette (which is in the Luxembourg judicial district) and one in Diekirch (Diekirch judicial district).
2. Specialised courts
Social Insurance Appeals Board
The Social Insurance Appeals Board (Conseil supérieur de la sécurité sociale) comprises a president, two associate judges, one assessor representing employers and one assessor representing employees.
Social Insurance Arbitration Board
The Social Insurance Arbitration Board (Conseil arbitral de la sécurité sociale) comprises a president, one assessor representing employers and one assessor representing employees.
Courts of law within the administrative branch
The Administrative Court
The Administrative Court (Cour administrative) comprises a single division of three judges.
The Administrative Court of First Instance
The Administrative Court of First Instance (Tribunal administratif) comprises four divisions of three judges.
Information on the Ministry of Justice, legal professions, legislation, the courts, the prisons, citizens’ services, forms and news are available on the website of the Ministry of Justice.
Is access to the database free of charge?
Yes, access to the databases is free of charge.
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