Business registers in Member States - France
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On this page you will find information regarding the options available for consulting business registers in France.
What do business registers in France offer?
Local business and companies registers (registres du commerce et des sociétés — RCS) are kept by registrars of the commercial courts and of the civil courts with commercial jurisdiction (district courts in the administrative départements of Bas-Rhin, Haut-Rhin and Moselle; and mixed commercial courts in the overseas regions and départements). The information in these registers is checked. Registrars must verify that the particulars comply with the laws and regulations, correspond to the supporting documents and documents set out in the Annex and are under the supervision of the President or a judge committed for that purpose, which are competent to deal with all disputes between the taxable person and the registrar, in the case of an application for modification or cancellation, together with the state of the file.
The trade register (Kbis) extract issued by the registrars is the true ‘ID card’, showing the civil status of a business recorded in the business and companies register. This document assembles all the information that a business must declare. where necessary, it also contains comments on the notes made by the registrar responsible for maintaining the register. The trade register extract attests to the legal existence of the business and provides verified information. It is an official document proving the identity and address of the registered person (natural or legal person), its activity, its governing bodies, administration, management or control, as well as the existence or otherwise of collective proceedings against it. This official document, issued and signed by the clerk of the court, is valid until the information given by the company to the Trade and Companies Register is false.
A national register of companies and companies (SNCR) is held by the Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle (National Institute for Industrial Property (INPI)), which centralises the documents of the original business registers and companies held in each registry. The INPI is thus responsible for the dissemination and making available to the public free of charge, for re-use purposes, of the technical, commercial and financial information contained in the SNCR.
These registers contain all the information concerning traders and companies. They give access to all the entries and documents in the business and companies registers.
The InfoRegistry website provides centralised access to information in the commercial and company register and also allows for these formalities (registration, modification, cancellation, filing of annual accounts) online. The service is offered in French and English.
The INPI site provides access, in open data, to data on registrations, changes, radiation and the company’s annual accounts.
Official Bulletin of Civil and Commercial Announcements (BODACC)
The BODACC advertises acts registered in the Trade and Companies Register (SCR), from creation to the company’s removal from the register: sales and disposals, collective proceedings, and the filing of accounts, in particular. The transmission to BODACC is carried out outside the interested parties without any initiative being taken by them. The inserts shall be diligent and under the responsibility of the registrar, who shall receive the statements.
Advertising to the BODACC, which makes it possible to ensure the widest possible distribution of registrations at the Trade and Companies Register, is a matter for the Directorate for Legal and Administrative Information (DIRLA).
Is access to a business register free of charge?
The Infogreffe site users can access certain information on the companies listed free of charge, but most of the information contained in the database can only be obtained for financial reasons.
The dissemination of the NCS data by the INPI, which can be done by post or via the electronic shop on the website of the INPI, is no longer payable. However, the re-use of data shall be subject to the acceptance of a licence.
Since 1 July 2015, the BODACC has been broadcast exclusively by electronic means. The content of the site (the BODACC ads themselves) became free in July 2011.
Finally, in June 2016, a new digital access portal was set up, entitled ‘Portal of the Lequité des Entreprises’ (‘Portal de la Publicité Lequité des Entreprises’).It allows users to access through one single interface to the legal announcements and information published on the three websites https://www.infogreffe.fr/, https://actulegales.fr/,https://www.bodacc.fr/.
How to search a business register in France?
The Infogreffe site allows you to search for an enterprise by:
- its name,
- the names of its directors and directors,
- the town or administrative département where it is domiciled or has its headquarters or where it has its business units,
- its SIREN number (Système d’Identification du Répertoire des Entreprises),
- its registration number in the business and companies register.
The BODACC’s website makes it possible to search for an announcement relating to an undertaking by its Siren number or its company name.
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Last update: 06/12/2019