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European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) - France

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The national ECLI coordinator

The Directorate for Legal and AdministrativeLink opens in new window Information (DIRLA) was appointed as the national ECLI coordinator for France by the General Secretariat of the Government.

Country code

France’s country code is as follows: [EN]

Generation of national ECLI

The French Supreme Courts concerned by ECLI are:

  • the Constitutional Council;
  • the Court of Cassation;
  • the Council of State.

The ECLI comprises five parts, the first two of which are constant for a Member State:

ECLI: EN: {Code fiscale}: {the year of the decision}: {order number}

Each court has adopted a court code and rules for the creation of a serial number.

The year of the decision is always coded on 4 numerical characters (format YYYY, e.g. 2012).

1. The Constitutional Council.

The court code is always CC.

The generic form of ECLI is therefore:

ECLI: FR: CC: {decision year}: {order number}

The serial number shall be composed of two parts separated by one point:

  1. the serial number of the type of the decision (number which starts from 1 each year);
  2. the type of decision (DC, QPC, AN... Link opens in new window see the list of these types

E.g.:

decision of Friday 27 July 2012 No 2012-270 QPC will have the ECLI ECLI:FR:CC:2012:2012.270.QPC

2. The Cour de cassation (Court of Cassation).

The court code is always CCASS.

The generic form of ECLI is therefore:

ECLI: EN: CCASS: {Decision year} {serial number}

The serial number comprises two concatenated elements:

  1. a codification of the formation of the formation of the ECLI (two alpha-numeric characters determined by the table below):
  2. AP PLENARY ASSEMBLY
    AV OPINION
    C1 FIRST CHAMBER
    C2 SECOND CIVIL CHAMBER
    C3 THIRD CHAMBER
    CO COMMERCIAL ROOM
    CR CRIMINAL JURISDICTION
    MI MIXED CHAMBER
    GOLD ORDER OF THE FIRST PRESIDENT
    SO SOCIAL CHAMBER

    This codification is based on the operation of an internal management number composed of 8 characters:

    a code identifying the formation of the court;

    in two digital characters the year of the decision;

    in five numeric characters, the serial number in the year for the training concerned.

    Example: the judgment of the Court of Cassation, Criminal Chamber, of 27 February 2013, is 12-81.063 and as the management number C1300710. Part 1/du number of this judgment will be CR for the Criminal Chamber.

  3. the last 5 numeric characters of the management number.
  4. In our example, part 2/du order number will be 00710. In total, the judgment of the Criminal Chamber of the Court of Cassation of 27 February 2013, under the appeal No 12-81063, will have the ECLI ECLI:FR:CCASS:2013:CR00710.

3. The Council of State

The Conseil d’Etat uses a court code identifying the type of formation of the court: the EC root is concatenated with several letters as follows:

 

Assembly CASS
Order ECORD
Litigation Branch CESEC
Subsection only CESJS
Subsections

CESR

Single Chamber

CCHS

Room collected

HRCCHR


The EC code alone is not used.

The generic form is therefore:

ECLI: EN: this...: {the year of the decision}: {order number}

The serial number shall also be composed of two parts, separated by one point:

  1. the application number of the decision;
  2. the date of reading of the decision in the format YYYYMMDD.

E.g.:

The decision of the Council of State No 355099 of the 3th and 8th subsections of 1 March 2013 will have the ECLI: ECLI:FR:CESSR:2013:355099.20130301


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Last update: 27/09/2019