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European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) - Netherlands


National ECLI coordinator

The national ECLI coordinator is the Council for the Judiciary (Raad voor de rechtspraak): Link opens in new windowecliservice@rechtspraak.nl.

Country code

The country code for the Netherlands is: [NL]

Generation of national ECLIs

The ECLI was introduced in the Netherlands on 28 June 2013. An ECLI can be allocated to:

a) all judicial decisions published on the website of the Council for the Judiciary: Link opens in new windowhttp://www.rechtspraak.nl/;

b) all disciplinary decisions published on the website of the joint disciplinary authorities: Link opens in new windowhttp://www.tuchtrecht.nl/;

c) all judicial decisions not published on the websites under (a) and (b) but published in magazines or databases, and judicial decisions published commercially as 'open access'. Magazine editors or database managers who wish to register their decisions can do so via the above email address;

d) all judicial decisions kept in an internal database of the Council for the Judiciary.

Regardless of whether the decision itself is published on one of the two websites referred to above, the website Link opens in new windowhttp://www.rechtspraak.nl/ publishes all Dutch ECLIs, together with at least the name of the body that delivered the decision, the date of the decision and the case number. Where known, publication references are also given for any reports of the decision in journals or databases.

Dutch ECLIs are made up of the following:

  • ‘ECLI’;
  • The country code ‘NL’;
  • The court code - see under the heading ‘ECLI court codes’;
  • The year of the decision;
  • A serial number. There are two possible formats.
    • Before 28 June 2013, virtually all decisions published in the Netherlands were given an ‘LJN’ (Landelijk JurisprudentieNummer or country case number). This LJN always consisted of two letters and four figures, e.g.: ‘AB1234’. For reasons of consistency this LJN has been included as the fifth part of the ECLI code.
    • As of 28 June 2013, LJNs are no longer allocated. All decisions that are given an ECLI after that date have an ascending serial number consisting solely of figures. This may also be the case for decisions issued before 28 June 2013.

The most important court codes

The Netherlands has a large number of law courts. The codes of the most important Dutch courts are listed below.

On 1 January 2013 the organisation of the courts in the Netherlands changed significantly. Courts no longer in existence at 1 January 2013 are indicated as ‘abolished’. On 1 April 2013 there was a further change. The courts that no longer exist since that date are also indicated as 'abolished'.

Highest Courts

HR

Hoge Raad (Supreme Court)

PHR

Parket bij de Hoge Raad (Supreme Court Public Prosecutor's Office) (Advocate-General)

RVS

Raad van State (Council of State)

CRVB

Centrale Raad van Beroep (Court of last instance in social security matters)

CBB

College van Beroep voor het bedrijfsleven (Administrative court of last instance in matters of trade and industry)

Courts of Appeal

GHAMS

Gerechtshof Amsterdam (Amsterdam Court of Appeal)

GHARL

Gerechtshof Arnhem-Leeuwarden

GHARN

Gerechtshof Arnhem (abolished)

GHDHA

Gerechtshof Den Haag

GHLEE

Gerechtshof Leeuwarden (abolished)

GHSGR

Gerechtshof 's-Gravenhage (abolished)

GHSHE

Gerechtshof 's-Hertogenbosch

District courts

RBALK

Rechtbank Alkmaar (Alkmaar District Court) (abolished)

RBALM

Rechtbank Almelo (abolished)

RBAMS

Rechtbank Amsterdam

RBARN

Rechtbank Arnhem (abolished)

RBASS

Rechtbank Assen (abolished)

RBBRE

Rechtbank Breda (abolished)

RBDHA

Rechtbank Den Haag

RBDOR

Rechtbank Dordrecht (abolished)

RBGEL

Rechtbank Gelderland

RBGRO

Rechtbank Groningen (abolished)

RBHAA

Rechtbank Haarlem (abolished)

RBLEE

Rechtbank Leeuwarden (abolished)

RBLIM

Rechtbank Limburg

RBMAA

Rechtbank Maastricht (abolished)

RBMID

Rechtbank Middelburg (abolished)

RBMNE

Rechtbank Midden-Nederland

RBNHO

Rechtbank Noord-Holland

RBNNE

Rechtbank Noord-Nederland

RBOBR

Rechtbank Oost-Brabant

RBONE

Rechtbank Oost-Nederland (abolished)

RBOVE

Rechtbank Overijssel

RBROE

Rechtbank Roermond (abolished)

RBROT

Rechtbank Rotterdam

RBSGR

Rechtbank 's-Gravenhage (abolished)

RBSHE

Rechtbank 's-Hertogenbosch (abolished)

RBUTR

Rechtbank Utrecht (abolished)

RBZLY

Rechtbank Zwolle-Lelystad (abolished)

RBZUT

Rechtbank Zutphen (abolished)

RBZWB

Rechtbank Zeeland-West-Brabant

All court codes

A full list of Dutch court codes, in alphabetical order, is available in the Annex(73 Kb)PDF(73 Kb)NL. Bodies no longer in existence are indicated as ‘abolished’.


The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Last update: 17/04/2018