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Fundamental rights - Slovenia

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National Courts

National Human Rights Institutions


Specialised human rights bodies


National Courts

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Constitutional Court of Republic of Slovenia (Ustavno sodišče Republike Slovenije)
Beethovnova ulica 10
1001 Ljubljana
p. p. 1713
Tel.: + 386 (01) 477 64 00; + 386 (01) 477 64 15
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Administrative Court of Republic of Slovenia (Upravno sodišče Republike Slovenije)
Fajfarjeva 33
1000 Ljubljana
Tel.: + 386 (01) 47 00 100
Fax: + 386 (01) 47 00 150
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External department of the Court in Maribor:
Tel.: + 386 (02) 230 20 30
Fax: + 386 (02) 230 20 48
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External department of the Court in Nova Gorica:
Tel.: + 386 (05) 33 55 200
Fax: + 386 (05) 33 55 221
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External department of the Court in Celje:
Tel.: + 386 (03) 42 75 380
Fax: + 386 (03) 42 75 388
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National Human Rights Institutions

See the Ombudsperson.


The position of Human Rights Ombudsman was created in the Republic of Slovenia in order to ensure general protection for human rights and fundamental freedoms. The Human Rights Ombudsman, his/her four deputies or his/her assistants receive applications from persons who consider that a human right or fundamental freedom has been infringed by the action of a public authority, a local self-government body or a legal person subject to public law. The Human Rights Ombudsman operates on the basis of the 1994 Human Rights Ombudsman Act.

The Human Rights Ombudsman may

  • warn the perpetrator of the infringement to rectify or cease the irregularity, or
  • even propose that compensation be granted for damages.
  • On your behalf and with your authorisation, the Ombudsman may submit a request to the Constitutional Court for an assessment of the constitutionality and legality of certain provisions or acts, or
  • submit a constitutional complaint on the grounds of the infringement of a right.
  • He/she may submit initiatives to the Government or Parliament for laws and other provisions to be amended.
  • He/she may suggest to all bodies for which he/she is responsible that they improve their functioning and their relations with parties.
  • He/she may give anyone his/her opinion on a particular case relating to a breach of rights and freedoms, irrespective of the type of procedure or the stage reached in the examination of the case before the body in question.

The Human Rights Ombudsman may not act or rectify breaches or irregularities instead of the relevant state body, local self-government body or legal person subject to public law.

The party that committed the breach or infringement is also responsible for rectifying it itself. Moreover, the Ombudsman may not examine cases that are being dealt with by the courts, other than in exceptional cases.

By law the Ombudsman has no authority in the private sector, so he/she may not intervene in cases in which rights are breached by a private company, for example. In such cases, he/she may exert pressure on the state bodies, local self-government bodies or legal persons subject to public law which monitor the work of the private company or individual concerned.

The Ombudsman also monitors places of detention and the treatment of persons who have been detained or whose liberty has been restricted, in cooperation with non-governmental and humanitarian organisations.

The Ombudsman has the power to monitor, warn and advise but not to take official decisions.

Contact information:

Human Rights Ombudsman of the Republic of Slovenia

Dunajska cesta 56 (4th floor)
1109 Ljubljana
Tel.: 01 475 00 50
Free phone: 080 15 30
Fax: 01 475 00 40
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Specialised human rights bodies:

  • Ombudsperson for rights of the child

Part of the Ombudsperson's institution, a specialised Deputy of the Ombudsperson.

  • Equality Body

The advocate of the principle of equality seeks to prevent and eliminate discrimination in Slovenia.

INITIATIVES (COMPLAINTS): He/she handles your initiatives or complaints in cases of alleged discrimination. He/she issues a non-legally binding opinion on whether you are being discriminated against in a particular situation, i.e. are being treated unequally because of personal circumstances. At the same time, he/she makes recommendations to the perpetrators of infringements on how to rectify them and on the reasons for and consequences of such infringements. In this way, he/she seeks, through his/her action, to rectify infringements informally and helps to improve future practice. However, if a problem cannot be resolved in this way, he/she may propose that the inspectorates prosecute the minor offence. Procedures before the defender of the principle of equality are free of charge and confidential.

AID: He/she offers assistance with legal protection against discrimination in other procedures, e.g. by providing advice on what remedies you have at your disposal and how to use them before other State bodies.

ADVICE: You may ask him/her for an opinion on whether your action constitutes, or could constitute, discrimination, and for advice on how to act in order to avoid discrimination and uphold the right to equal treatment more effectively.

INFORMATION: He/she provides general information on the issue of discrimination and the situation in this area in Slovenia.

Contact information:

Advocate of the principle of equality
Government of the Republic of Slovenia, Equal Opportunities Office
Erjavčeva 15
1000 Ljubljana
Tel.: 01/478 14 83
Fax: 01/478 14 91
Free phone: 080 12 13 (only for calls using Slovenian networks)

All the basic information on the above-mentioned website is also available in full in English, French, German, Italian, Hungarian, Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Romany.

  • Data Protection Body

The Information Commissioner rules on reports of breaches of the protection of personal data on the basis of the provisions of the framework 2004 Personal Data Protection Act and the sectoral laws governing specific personal data issues (e.g. the Identity Card Act). He/she also acts on his/her own initiative (ex officio) if he/she finds out that there may have been a breach of the protection of personal data, and also monitors specific fields or areas without having received a report. Inspections are carried out by State inspectors responsible for the protection of personal data, who are employed by the Information Commissioner: the Information Commissioner may order corrections to be made to personal data, ascertain infringements involving the illegal acquisition or processing of personal data and impose penalties (fines) on personal data controllers. An administrative complaint may be brought against his/her decisions before the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia.

Contact information:

Information Commissioner
Vošnjakova ulica 1
p.p. 78
1001 Ljubljana
Tel.: 01 230 97 30
Fax: 01 230 97 78
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All district courts in the Republic of Slovenia have specific departments that decide whether to grant free legal aid for court proceedings. This area is governed by the 2003 Free Legal Aid Act.

Free legal aid shall be granted in the manner, under the conditions and in accordance with the criteria laid down by the Legal Aid Act.

Free legal aid shall be granted as regular, extraordinary, exceptional, special or emergency free legal aid.

The decision on granting free legal aid shall be issued by the presidents of district courts or presidents of specialised first-instance courts (hereinafter: free legal aid authority). For this decision, the president of a court may authorise another judge holding the position of senior judge at a district court or specialised court.

Expert, administrative and technical tasks related to the granting of free legal aid shall be carried out by the specialist service for free legal aid (hereinafter: specialist service).

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Last update: 16/11/2012