This section provides you with an overview of the land register of Scotland.
What does the Land Register of Scotland offer?
The Land Register in Scotland is part of a portfolio of 17 public registers compiled and maintained by the Registers of Scotland (RoS). The primary aim of RoS is to ensure the integrity of the registers under its control and provide public access to them. The Keeper of the Registers of Scotland is responsible for leading the organisation and delivering the strategic objectives agreed by the Board. The strategic objectives are aligned to the Scottish Government's purpose, national outcomes, prgramme for government, and economic and digital strategies.
The Land Register in Scotland is a digital, map-based public register of rights in land, backed by a state guarantee. It provides a once and for all examination of title deeds to a plot of land, resulting in the production of a title sheet that consolidates various pieces of information from the deeds.
A title sheet contains the following information:
- a description of the right in land by reference to the cadastral map (the map showing the totality of registered geospatial data in Scotland);
- the name and designation of the proprietor of the property;
- charges over the property; and
- real burdens or conditions that affect the property.
The Land Register is gradually replacing the General Register of Sasines (the Sasine Register), another register administered by RoS. The Sasine Register was established in the early 17th century, and is a chronological register of deeds relating to property.
As of December 2016, 60% of titles in Scotland were registered in the Land Register. This represents approximately 29% of Scottish land. RoS is working towards completing the Land Register by 2024, including registration of all publicly owned land by 2019. Completion of the Land Register is being achieved via three mechanisms:
- voluntary registration;
- new registration triggers (such as closure of the GRS to standard securities (mortgages); and
- keeper-induced registration (KIR).
KIR was introduced by the Land Registration etc (Scotland) Act 2012 (the 2012 Act) and provides RoS with the power to move titles from the Sasine Register to the Land Register without and application being made by the owner. The completion of the Land Register will allow for easier, faster and cheaper property transactions.
RoS also administers two smaller registers relating to specific types of interest in land: the Crofting Register and the Register of Community Interests in Land.
Crofting is a form of agricultural land tenure particular to Scotland, governed by specific statute and, since November 2012, capable of registration in the Crofting Register.
The Register of Community Interests in Land was established by statute in 2003, and contains statutory pre-emptive rights to buy land.
Is access to the Land Register of Scotland free of charge?
A small fee is charged for basic online searches of both the Sasine and Land Registers. Copies of title sheets or deeds from these registers may also be obtained for a fee.
How to search the land register of Scotland
Regardless of the format of the request, searches of the Land Register may be conducted through:
- the name of the proprieter;
- the address of the subjects of search;
- the title number of the property; or
- the cadastral map.
Searches of the Sasine Register, Crofting Register and RCIL may also be conducted against a number of searchable fields.
History of the Registers of Scotland
Scotland has maintained public registers for approximately seven hundred years, with registers relating to land being kept in Edinburgh Castle from the 13th century onwards. The Sasine Register is the world's first national public register of property ownership rights, established by an Act of the (old) Parliament of Scotland in 1617, and has provided a public record of rights in property since that time. Scotland will host the Registers of Title Conference in October 2017, in the 400th anniversary year of registration of property rights.
The shift from a register of deeds to a register of titles began some eighty years before the Land Register itself was established by statute in 1979. The Land Register was introduced gradually, starting in 1981, and emncompassed the whole of Scotland by2003. The introduction of the Land Register along with a system of state guaranteed title to land removed significant risks and uncertainties inherent to property transactions prior to establishment of this register.
The 2012 Act commenced in December 2014. The main purpose of the Act was to reform and restate the law on the registration of rights to land in Scotland, realigning registration law with property law.
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Last update: 22/12/2016