Ordinary courts - Bulgaria
There is no official translation of the language version you are viewing.
You can access a machine translated version of this content here. Please note that it is only provided for contextual purposes. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.
In this section you will find information about the Bulgarian judiciary.
Organisation of the administration of justice – the judiciary
Courts of first instance in civil and criminal cases
Regional Courts (RC)
The main court of first instance is the regional court. It examines civil, criminal and administrative/penal cases. Amongst these are family and labour law cases, claims for maintenance and adoption, actions on commercial disputes and civil cases where the cost of the action does not exceed 50 000 BGN (<€ 25 000) as well as partitions of corporeal immovable property.
The regional court consists of the chairman and his/her deputies, an administrative secretary, a registrar, a secretary, a clerk, a court official and an archivist.
District Courts (DC)
When acting as a court of first instance the district court examines:
- Civil cases – actions to establish or disavow filiations, to terminate adoption, any actions for interdiction, as well as actions on civil cases where the cost of the action exceeds 50 000 BGN (> €25 000).
- Criminal cases – cases on crimes against the republic, murders, aggravated robberies, possession and distribution of drugs, kidnapping and unlawful deprivation of liberty, crimes against the customs regime, crimes against the financial, tax and insurance systems, malfeasances, bribery, crimes against transport which have resulted in death, etc.
- Commercial and company cases – non-profit-making legal entities are registered at the district court, which also examines complaints against refusals by the Recording Agency under the Commercial Registry Act. The district court also examines commercial disputes where the cost of the action exceeds 25 000 BGN, bankruptcy proceedings, as well as proceedings on complaints against enforcement agents' actions.
- Administrative cases – pursuant to the transitional and final provisions of the Administrative Procedure Code, administrative cases instituted by 01.03.2007 are examined by district courts.
District courts are located in the district centres. Within each district court's judicial area there are one or several regional courts.
A City Court is established in Sofia and has the powers of a district court.
Intermediate appellate review in civil and criminal cases
District courts adjudicate as intermediate appellate review instances in civil and criminal cases which are established by law.
As the intermediate appellate review instance, the appellate court examines acts appealed against in district court cases, as well as other district court cases that have been assigned to it by law.
Cassation appellate review in civil and criminal cases
The Supreme Court of Cassation acts as third and last instance in all civil and criminal cases.
Each court in Bulgaria maintains a website which corresponds to the needs of the citizens, legal entities and administrative authorities. Those websites provide information on the court's structure and activities, as well as information on ongoing cases and cases which are already closed.
Name and URL of the respective databases
The website of the Supreme Judicial Council provides a detailed list of the courts in Bulgaria along with their addresses and websites (in Bulgarian only).
The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.
Member States in charge of the management of national content pages are in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.
Last update: 17/12/2018