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Ordinary courts - Estonia

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This section provides information on the organisation of ordinary courts in Estonia.

Ordinary courts — introduction

County Courts are general courts of first instance and hear all civil, criminal and misdemeanour cases and conduct other proceedings which are placed under their jurisdiction by law. Legal proceedings in the county courts are regulated by the following Codes: the Code of Civil Procedure in civil cases, the Code of Criminal Procedure in criminal cases and the Code of Misdemeanour Procedure in misdemeanour cases.

Judgments and rulings of county courts are reviewed by district courts, as courts of second instance, on the basis of appeals against those judgments and rulings. Proceedings in the administrative courts are regulated by the same Acts as proceedings in the courts of first instance.

First instance courts

There are four county courts in Estonia. The county courts are divided into courthouses.

County courts:

Harju County Court:

  1. Tallinn Courthouse

Viru County Court:

  1. Jõhvi Courthouse
  2. Narva Courthouse
  3. Rakvere Courthouse

Pärnu County Court:

  1. Pärnu Courthouse
  2. Haapsalu Courthouse
  3. Kuressaare Courthouse
  4. Rapla Courthouse
  5. Paide Courthouse

The Pärnu County Court includes a payment order which handles applications for an expedited procedure for payment orders.

Tartu County Court (Tartu Maakohus):

  1. Tartu Courthouse
  2. Jõgeva Courthouse
  3. Viljandi Courthouse
  4. Valga Courthouse
  5. Võru Courthouse

The Tartu County Court includes the Registry and the Land Registry. The land registry and the land register are kept by the land registry office. The Registry has to register a commercial register, a register of non-profit associations and foundations and a commercial pledge register.

Courts of second instance

There are two district courts in Estonia.

District Courts:

  • Tallinn District Court
  • Tartu District Court

Legal databases

Contact details for the courts may be found on the Link opens in new windowCourts website. Access to the contact details is free of charge.

This is a machine translated version of the content. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.

Last update: 19/07/2019