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Ordinary courts - Netherlands

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This page provides information on the organisation of ordinary courts in the Netherlands.


A court case usually starts with the court. There are eleven courts in the Netherlands.

Each court is divided into different jurisdictions:

  • Civil law (citizens)
  • Administrative law (citizen versus public authorities)
  • Criminal law (in the case of offences and offences)
  • Canton division (inter alia in cases concerning rents, debts, appeals against traffic fines, labour and offences)

Appeal bodies

Those who do not agree with a court decision can appeal. Criminal and civil cases come to one of the four courts. For administrative cases, the appeal may be based on the subject:

  • Courts
  • Centrale Raad van Beroep (Court of last instance in social security matters)
  • College van Beroep voor het Bedrijfsleven
  • Raad van State (Administrative Jurisdiction Division)

Supreme Court

The Supreme Court of the Netherlands is the supreme judicial body in the Netherlands in civil, criminal and tax law. It can overturn judgments of the appeal courts (appeals in cassation). The Supreme Court is also responsible for ensuring legal uniformity and the development of Dutch law.

More information on the organisation of the case-law can be found on the website for Link opens in new windowthe case law in the Netherlands.

Legal databases

The case-law publishes an important part of the decisions and judgments handed down. These judgments are made available to the public by inclusion in the database on the website of judicial Link opens in new windowauthorities.

Is access to the database free of charge?

Yes, access is free of charge.

Related Links

Link opens in new windowDutch case-law and the Hoge Raad der Nederlanden (Supreme Court of the Netherlands)

Link opens in new windowInformation on Dutch case-law in English

This is a machine translated version of the content. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.

Last update: 29/10/2019