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Ordinary courts - Slovenia

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This page provides information on the organisation of the courts of general jurisdiction in Slovenia.


Ordinary courts

Under Article 98 of the Courts Act, the ordinary courts in Slovenia include:

  • local courts (okrajna sodišča),
  • district courts,
  • higher courts (višja sodišča),
  • The Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia (hereinafter: Supreme Court).

Jurisdiction of local courts

Under Article 99 of the Courts Act, local courts in Slovenia have jurisdiction in the following matters:

Criminal matters

  1. To adjudicate at first instance on criminal offences that are punishable by a fine or a term of up to three years imprisonment, except where they concern criminal defamation offences committed by the press, via radio, television or other means of public information
  2. To investigate criminal offences as described above
  3. To perform other tasks determined by statute.

Civil cases

Trial/decision at first instance:

  1. in civil cases in accordance with the Civil Procedure Act
  2. in matters of succession and other non-contentious matters, in so far as the law does not provide otherwise, and to the management of the land register;
  3. in matters of the enforcement and securing of claims, unless otherwise determined by statute.

Other matters

The trial or decision-making in other cases, where provided by law.

Legal assistance

The practice of legal aid cases which are not governed by the law of another court and for the provision of international legal aid in cases of minor offences.

Jurisdiction of district courts

According to Article 101 of the Courts Act, district courts in Slovenia are competent in the following cases:

Criminal matters

  1. To adjudicate at first instance on criminal offences that do not fall under the jurisdiction of local courts
  2. To carry out an investigation or investigatory actions concerning criminal offences (as described at point 1 above)
  3. To conduct preliminary proceedings and adjudicate at first instance on criminal offences committed by minors
  4. To decide at first instance on the enforcement of a criminal judgment issued by a foreign court
  5. To execute criminal judgments (arising from points 1, 3 and 4 above) and to execute the criminal judgments of local courts
  6. To decide on permission to interfere with human rights and fundamental freedoms
  7. To reach decisions in a pre-trial chamber (also in criminal matters falling within the jurisdiction of local courts)
  8. To perform other tasks determined by statute.
  9. To exercise supervision in respect of the lawful and correct treatment of convicts and supervision of detainees.

Specialised departments of the (district) courts are responsible for dealing with the tasks in points 1, 2, 3, 6, 7 and 8 in more complex cases involving organised and economic crime, terrorism, corruption and other such criminal activities.

Civil cases

Trial/decision at first instance:

  1. in civil matters in accordance with the Civil Procedure Act
  2. on recognition of the decisions of foreign courts
  3. in cases of compulsory settlement, bankruptcy and liquidation when it is within the court’s jurisdiction, and in connected disputes
  4. in disputes concerning intellectual property rights
  5. applications for interim measures filed before the commencement of a dispute pending before the Court of Justice for the purposes of commercial disputes or cases in which an arbitration jurisdiction has been agreed and applications for interim relief in intellectual property matters
  6. in non-contentious proceedings for which this is the case under the law.

Other matters

  • The administration of the judicial register.
  • The trial of other issues, if so provided by law.
  • The practice of legal aid in civil, criminal and other matters.
  • Providing international legal aid.

Powers of higher courts

Under Article 104 of the Courts Act, higher courts have jurisdiction in the following areas:

  1. Trial/second-instance decisions on appeals against the decisions of the district and district courts in their area
  2. To rule on conflicts of jurisdiction between district courts and district courts in their area of jurisdiction and to rule on the transfer of jurisdiction to another district or district court from its territory
  3. To perform other tasks determined by statute.

Legal databases

Name and URL of the database

Link opens in new windowJudiciary of the Republic of Slovenia

Is access to the database free of charge?

Yes access to the database is free of charge.

Brief description of content

Link opens in new windowThe Slovenian judiciary provides access to a large number of databases such as:

  • judicial system of the Republic of Slovenia
  • judicial administration
  • public registers (land registers, judicial register).

Related links

Link opens in new windowLists of courts


This is a machine translated version of the content. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.

Last update: 29/10/2019