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Ordinary courts - Slovakia

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This section provides information on the organisation of ordinary courts in Slovakia.


Ordinary courts — introduction

In the Slovak Republic, the judiciary exercises independent and impartial courts. At all levels, judicial matters are separated from those of other national authorities.

Legal databases

Slovak Link opens in new window Ministry of Justice database

The project “Electronic Bulletin of Laws” (Slov-Lex)” of the Slovak Ministry of Justice is based on two interconnected information systems:

  1. ECollection — an information system for the provision of binding electronic consolidated texts of law and other standards to rights addressed to them
  2. ELegislation — the process management information system at all stages of the legislative process equipped with advanced editing tools for legislative manufacturers

Benefits to target groups:

Taking into account the fundamental principle of the right that everyone is aware of a valid and effective right and is aware of its rights and obligations, which in practice is increasingly difficult to apply in view of the increasing volume and complexity of legal standards, the Slovak project will contribute to better implementation of this principle by ensuring effective access for all to existing legislation.

  • in particular, a national project will benefit from a project in the form of a right, formally and substantively, to the available rights and to raise awareness of new legislation.
  • legal practitioners — obtaining continuous access to the law in force and the possibility of drawing attention to the new legislation of the Slovak Republic or of the European Union, both generally and specifically on the regulations governing the fields in which they are specialised
  • entrepreneur — he also receives free and continuous access to the applicable law and the possibility to be notified of the new legislation of the Slovak Republic or of the European Union, both in general but also specifically on the regulations governing the areas in which it operates, and a better regulatory environment to create more favourable conditions for doing business and to reduce the administrative burden associated with business
  • local and regional authorities — get free and continuous access to a source of applicable law, while at the same time reducing the administrative burden — an administrative demanding and costly obligation to access the Collection of Laws, in working days, linked to the collection of the laws and of its archiving, replacing the burdensome obligations to secure assisted access to the Collection of Laws on working days.
  • public administrations — the project will provide, on the one hand, free and continuous access to a source of applicable law, on the one hand, and, on the other, a reduction in the administrative burden and, therefore, the financial cost of the legislative process, on the other hand, the possibility of improving the performance of tasks in the field of lawmaking and the implementation of European Union law.
  • judicial authorities — obtain continuous and quick access to the law in force in any of the chosen days of history, further possibility of references from judicial decisions at the time of the legislation in force, this will result in the possibility of at least partial elimination of the routine activities and an increase in the efficiency of the work of judges and magistrates
  • the legislature will be able to use an efficient legislative drafting tool and administrate the legislative process, which will deprive them of some of the burdensome administrative procedures and will better focus on the content of the present proposals.

The organisation of ordinary courts

Slovakia’s system of courts

The Slovak judiciary comprises:

  • district courts (54)
  • regional courts (8)
  • Special Criminal Court
  • Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic

Jurisdiction of the courts

District courts

District courts act as courts of first instance in civil and criminal cases, save where the rules governing court proceedings provide otherwise.

District courts also hear electoral cases, where stipulated by specific legal provisions.

County courts

Regional courts act as courts of second instance in civil and criminal cases heard at first instance by district courts.

The rules of procedure specify the civil and criminal cases in which regional courts act as courts of first instance.

Regional courts act as courts of first instance in administrative cases, save where otherwise stipulated by law.

They also deal with electoral cases, where stipulated by the relevant legislation. (Act No 166/2003 on the protection of privacy against unauthorised use of information technology equipment and amending certain acts.

Special Criminal Court

A specialised criminal court shall act and rule on criminal matters and other matters referred to in the Regulation on judicial proceedings.

The Supreme Court

The Supreme Court has jurisdiction in:

  • ordinary appeals against decisions by regional courts and the Special Criminal Court, where provided by the rules governing court proceedings;
  • extraordinary appeals against decisions by district courts, regional courts, the Special Criminal Court and the Supreme Court, where provided by the rules governing court proceedings;
  • conflicts of jurisdiction between courts and bodies of central government administration;
  • reassignment of a case to a court other than the competent court, where provided by the rules governing court proceedings;
  • other cases, where provided by an Act or international treaty.

The Supreme Court reviews decisions taken by courts in cases where final judgment has been given.

The Supreme Court oversees the uniform interpretation and consistent application of laws and other acts of general application:

  • through its own decision-making;
  • by issuing opinions aimed at unifying the interpretation of laws and other acts of general application;
  • by publishing final court decisions of key significance in the Reports of Opinions of the Supreme Court and Decisions of the Courts of the Slovak Republic.

Related links

Link opens in new windowMinistry of Justice


This is a machine translated version of the content. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.

Last update: 28/10/2019