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Rights of victims of crime in criminal proceedings - Romania


You are considered to be the victim of a crime if you have suffered physical or material damage as a result of an incident deemed to be a crime under the national legislation in force. As a victim of a crime, you have certain legal rights before, during and at the end of the criminal procedure.

The first two stages of the criminal procedure in Romania are: the criminal investigation and the trial. During the criminal investigation, the criminal investigation bodies, under the supervision of the public prosecutor, investigate the case, gathering evidence in order to find the offender. At the end of the criminal investigation, the police send the case to the public prosecutor’s office, together with all the data and evidence collected in the file. After receiving the file, the case prosecutor examines the case and decides whether it is to proceed to the next phase, i.e. trial, or whether the file should be closed.

Once the dossier comes before the court, the panel of judges examines the facts and hears the persons involved in order to establish the guilt of the accused. Once guilt has been established, the offender receives a sentence. If the court considers that the accused is not guilty, then he or she is released.

Click on the links below to find the information that you need

Link opens in new window1 - My rights as a victim of crime

Link opens in new window2 - Reporting a crime and my rights during the investigation or trial

Link opens in new window3 - My rights after trial

Link opens in new window4 - Compensation

Link opens in new window5 - My rights to support and assistance


The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

Last update: 10/09/2018