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Small claims - Spain

1 Existence of a specific small claims procedure

Yes, the oral proceedings for claims up to EUR 6 000.

1.1 Scope of procedure, threshold

Claims up to EUR 6 000.

1.2 Application of procedure

By means of an application filed in writing.

1.3 Forms

There is no standard, mandatory form. However, divisional judge’s offices usually provide a standard template or printed form for claims up to EUR 2 000.

This form is only used for the statement of claim, and its use is discretionary. It can be downloaded from the website of the Link opens in new windowConsejo General del Poder Judicial.

1.4 Assistance

Claimants may appear at the oral proceedings in person, but if the amount of the claim exceeds EUR 2 000, the involvement of a lawyer and public prosecutor is mandatory.

1.5 Rules concerning the taking of evidence

The general rules govern evidence: any kind of evidence is accepted, and it is possible to request and produce evidence before the hearing.

1.6 Written procedure

Written formalities in the procedure include the claim and the defence. Procedural issues are resolved at the trial. Similarly, evidence is offered orally and produced primarily in court.

1.7 Content of judgment

The judgment is given with reasons and in writing, in the same form as with any other procedure.

1.8 Reimbursement of costs

If a lawyer and public prosecutor are mandatory, and there is an order to pay costs, the party in whose favour costs are ordered may be reimbursed for the costs of the proceedings, after assessment, and provided these do not exceed a third of the amount of the proceedings for each of the litigants who have obtained the order.

If the litigant who has won costs lives away from the place of the trial, they may be reimbursed the prosecutor’s expenses, even if the prosecutor’s involvement is not mandatory.

1.9 Possibility to appeal

The judgment is appealable if the amount of the case exceeds EUR 3 000. The appeal is presented at the same court, in writing and within a maximum period of 20 days.


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Last update: 14/02/2017