Specialised courts - Cyprus
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The following courts have jurisdiction over the Republic of Cyprus:
The Administrative Court shall have exclusive jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance actions brought under Article 146 of the Constitution against any decision, act or omission of persons or bodies exercising administrative authority. The Administrative Court may annul any enforceable administrative act which was adopted in breach of or ultra vires or is contrary to the law or the Constitution. Where the appeal relates to a tax matter or an international protection procedure, the court will be able to modify the decision or act in whole or in part.
The Family Court has exclusive jurisdiction to hear petitions for divorce, parental care, maintenance and property disputes between spouses who are members of the Greek Orthodox Church.
If the parties belong to one of the other religious groups in Cyprus, i.e. Armenians, Maronites or Roman Catholics, jurisdiction for the above matters lies with the Family Court for Religious Groups.
There are 3 Family Courts, one for Nicosia and Kyrenia, one for Limassol and Paphos and one for Larnaca and Famagusta. There are also 1 Family Court of Religious Groups for the whole of Cyprus, based in Nicosia.
Cases before the Family Court are heard by a single judge, except for the applications for divorce for which the composition is of three members.
The Industrial Disputes Court has exclusive jurisdiction to hear all industrial disputes relating to the termination of employment, such as the payment of compensation for unfair dismissal (except where the amount claimed exceeds the equivalent of two years’ salary, in which case jurisdiction lies with the District Court), payment in lieu of notice, compensation for redundancy and any other claim for payment arising out of the contract of employment, such as accrued wages, annual leave, 13th month’s salary or bonuses. It also has jurisdiction to hear any civil claim based on the Protection of Motherhood Law, cases of unequal treatment and sexual harassment in the workplace and disputes between Provident Funds and their members.
The Labour Disputes Court is composed of the President or Judge, who is a member of the Judicial Service of the Republic of Cyprus, and two members who are not legal persons, who are appointed on the recommendation of the representatives of the employers and employees. Members have a purely advisory role.
Currently 3 Industrial Disputes Labour Courts in Cyprus, based in Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca.
The Rent Control Court has jurisdiction to hear cases regarding the recovery of possession of rented property, the setting of fair rent, and other incidental matters.
Each Rent Control Court is composed of a President, a member of the Judiciary, and two members proposed by the organisations representing the owners and tenants. The role of the members is advisory. Two chambers are in operation.
The Military Court shall have jurisdiction over offences committed by military personnel in violation of its Military Criminal Code, the National Guard, the Criminal Code, or any other law independent of the height of the prescribed penalty. An exception to the jurisdiction of the Military Court shall also be exercised by individuals where it is provided by the Military Penal Code or another law.
A defendant with a degree of colonel or a higher grade shall be tried by a Military Court established in the manner provided for the constitution of a criminal court.
The President of the Court of Justice is a Judge, a member of the Court of Justice of the Republic of Cyprus. There are two assessors who are military officers and are appointed by the Supreme Judicial Council.
Any official legal database is not yet in place. Some private legal databases have been in place, some of which provide subscription services, while others provide access free of charge.
The information contained is judgements handed down by courts and primary legislation.
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Last update: 16/09/2019