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Specialised courts - Sweden

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Find information about the organisation of the specialised courts in Sweden.


Specialised courts

There are some specialised courts that deal with disputes in different areas of specialisation.

  • TheLink opens in new window labour court deals with labour disputes. As a labour dispute, any dispute relating to the relationship between employer and employee is taken into account. The labour court is normally the first and only competent court in labour disputes. However, certain types of labour disputes are first examined by the district court, the judgment of which may be appealed to the Labour Court, and then becomes a second and last court.
  • TheLink opens in new window Market Court deals, inter alia, with disputes under the Competition Act and the Marketing Act.
  • TheLink opens in new window Court of Patent appeal hears appeals against decisions of the Patent and Registration Office concerning patents, trade marks, designs, etc. The decision of the Patent Appeal Court is appealed to the SupremeLink opens in new window Administrative Court.

Link opens in new windowLand and Environment courts process cases such as permits for water operations and environmentally hazardous operations, issues of health protection, nature conservation, refuse collection, polluted areas and hazardous waste, environmentally-related damages and compensation issues, issues of building, demolition and land permits under the Planning and Building Act, site leaseholds, appeals in planning matters, land parcelling, utility easements and expropriation. There are five soil and environmental courts, which are special courts at the district courts in Nacka, Vänersborg, Växjö, Umeå and Östersund. Appeals against judgments and decisions of the Land and Environment Courts may be lodged with the Land and Environment Court of Appeal, which is part of Svea Court of Appeal. Appeals in cases introduced at a Land and Environment Court and which have been the subject of appeals heard by the Land and Environment Court of Appeal may be lodged with the Supreme Court.

Maritime courts deal with cases under the Swedish Maritime Code (1994: 1009). There are seven maritime courts and they are part of the district courts in Luleå, Sundsvall, Stockholm, Kalmar, Malmö, Göteborg and Värmland.

TheLink opens in new window Migration Courts review decisions taken by the Migration Board in Aliens and Citizens Matters. The Migration Courts are special courts at the courts in Malmö, Gothenburg and Stockholm and Luleå. Appeals against judgments and decisions of the Migration Courts may be lodged with the Migration Court of Appeal, which is part of the Stockholm Administrative Court.

Certain types of dispute involving rents, tenant-ownerships and leaseholds are dealt with by regional Link opens in new window rent and leasehold tribunals.This is quasi-judicial bodies with similar powers to the courts.

Other special courts

There is no constitutional court or similar in Sweden.


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Last update: 13/09/2019