Specialised courts - Slovenia
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This section provides you with information on the organisation of specialised courts in Slovenia.
The labour courts and the Social Court of First Instance
Under the provisions of the legislation, labour courts have jurisdiction to decide on individual and collective labour disputes, and social courts have jurisdiction in social disputes.
Labour courts and the social court of first instance decide at first instance. The Higher Labour and Social Court (Višje delovno in socialno sodišče) decides on appeals against decisions of the labour courts and the social court of first instance, while appeals against and reviews of decisions of the Higher Labour and Social Court are heard by the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia.
A labour court has jurisdiction to decide in the following individual labour disputes:
- concerning the conclusion, existence, duration and cessation of employment relations;
- concerning rights, obligations and responsibilities arising from the employment relationship between employees and employers or their legal successors;
- concerning rights and obligations arising in connection with relationships between employees and the clients they are contracted to work for under a contract between the employees and clients;
- between employers and applicants in connection with recruitment procedures;
- concerning rights and obligations deriving from industrial property, agreed between a worker and an employer on the basis of employment relationships;
- on the taking up of children under the age of 15 years, apprentices, pupils and students,
- concerning personnel scholarships, between employers and pupils or students;
- concerning the voluntary performance of probation;
- as specified by law.
A labour court also has jurisdiction to decide if an insurance company is a co-defendant in a damages dispute over which a labour court has been given jurisdiction.
A labour court has jurisdiction to decide the following collective labour disputes:
- between the parties to a collective agreement or between the parties to the agreement and a third party concerning the validity and execution of a collective agreement;
- concerning competence to conduct collective negotiations;
- concerning the concordance of collective agreements with the law, the mutual concordance of collective agreements, and the concordance of general legal acts by the employer with the law and with collective agreements;
- concerning the legality of strikes and other industrial action;
- concerning the participation of workers in management;
- concerning the competences of trades unions in connection with employment relationships;
- in connection with decisions on the representativity of trades unions;
- as specified by law.
The social court has jurisdiction to decide on the following social disputes:
1. in the area of pension and disability insurance:
- o the right to and from the compulsory pension and invalidity insurance scheme,
- o the right to and from the compulsory supplementary pension scheme,
- concerning payment of contributions for compulsory pension and disability insurance and compulsory additional pension insurance;
- concerning the specification or termination of positions for which inclusion in additional pension insurance is compulsory;
- concerning voluntary inclusion in compulsory pension and disability insurance and payment of contributions for this insurance;
- concerning recognition and buying-up of the insurance period;
- concerning rights to a state pension;
- in connection with the official register;
2. in the area of health insurance:
- concerning rights to and deriving from compulsory health insurance and payment of contributions for this insurance;
3 In the area of unemployment and employment insurance:
- on the right to and the payment of compulsory unemployment insurance and payment of contributions for that guarantee,
- concerning voluntary inclusion in compulsory unemployment insurance and payment of contributions for this insurance;
- concerning scholarships, in the award of which an inventory of assets is decisive, and scholarships for the gifted;
- concerning loans for study on the basis of guarantees and subsidised interest rates, in the granting of which an inventory of assets is decisive;
4. in the area of parental protection and family benefits:
- on the right to and the payment of parental care insurance and payment of contributions for such insurance,
- concerning rights to family benefits;
5. in the field of social benefits:
- concerning social security benefits;
- concerning rights to social benefits under various headings, if the purpose is to resolve the social security situation of the claimant, and if an inventory of assets is decisive for the recognition of the right to such a benefit.
The social court also has jurisdiction in the areas referred to above to decide in the following social disputes:
- concerning restitution of improperly obtained funds;
- on compensation for damage which an official or public authority has caused to the insured or beneficiary of social protection or the damage caused by the insured institution to an institution in connection with an insurance relationship or with regard to the exercise of social security rights.
The social court also has jurisdiction in social disputes as specified by law.
The following are the courts of first instance in the Republic of Slovenia:
- Celje Labour Court, based in Celje, with jurisdiction over the territory of the judicial district of Celje;
- Koper Labour Court, based in Koper, with jurisdiction over the territory of the judicial districts of Koper and Nova Gorica;
- The Labour and Social Court of Ljubljana, based in Ljubljana, with jurisdiction for deciding in labour disputes for the territory of the judicial districts of Kranj, Krško, Ljubljana and Novo mesto, and for deciding social disputes for the territory of the Republic of Slovenia;
- Maribor Labour Court, based in Maribor, with jurisdiction over the territory of the judicial districts of Maribor, Murska Sobota, Ptuj and Slovenj Gradec.
Courts of first instance decide labour disputes at the seat of the court, unless it is specified that they must decide in external departments.
In labour and social disputes, the Court of First Instance is called upon to rule in a panel composed of a Judge acting as President of a Chamber and two members of the jury as a member, one of which must be elected from a list of candidates who are workers (s) and the second on the list of candidates for employers or institutions.
A single Judge shall rule on individual work and social disputes concerning property claims, provided that the value of the contested item does not exceed EUR 40.000. Certain important matters must be decided on by an individual judge irrespective of the value of the subject-matter in dispute, e.g. individual labour disputes relating to the suspension of an employment contract, trial work, overtime work, breaks, rests and leave and other absences from work, the duty to perform work because of exceptional circumstances, disciplinary sanctions, temporary suspension from work because of the initiation of a disciplinary procedure and temporary reassignment; social disputes on the right to an attendance allowance, the right to a disability allowance for a physical impairment and the right to spa treatment.
Higher Labour and Social Court
The Higher Labour and Social Court decides appeals against decisions of the labour courts and the social court of first instance. The Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia decides on appeals against and reviews of decisions of the Higher Labour and Social Court.
The Higher Labour and Social Court is based in Ljubljana.
The Higher Labour and Social Court decides in a panel of three judges.
Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia
The Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia has jurisdiction to decide in an administrative dispute in accordance with the methods and procedures set out in the Administrative Disputes Act.
In an administrative dispute, the judicial protection of rights and benefits of individuals and organisations is ensured in respect of the decisions and actions of State bodies, local community bodies and holders of public authorisations in accordance with the Act.
In an administrative dispute the Court:
- rule on the legality of final administrative acts that interfere with the legal position of the plaintiff;
- adjudicate on the legality of individual acts and actions that interfere with the human rights and fundamental freedoms of an individual, unless a different form of due process has been guaranteed;
- rule on the legality of acts of public authorities issued in the form of a rule when they govern individual relationships
- rule on public disputes between the State and local authorities, between local authorities and on disputes between them and holders of public authority, provided that the law so provides or in the absence of any other judicial protection provided for by the Constitution or by law,
- it shall decide on the legality of other acts, if provided for by law.
In an administrative dispute, the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia decides in the first instance. However, the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia decides on a complaint against or the revision of a decision of first instance in an administrative dispute.
The head office of the Administrative Court of the Republic of Slovenia is located in Ljubljana.
The administrative court must adjudicate at its seat and at the following local sections:
- the Celje department for the area covered by the Higher Court in Celje;
- the Nova Gorica department for the areas covered by the Higher Court in Koper;
- the Maribor department for the area covered by the Higher Court in Maribor.
The Administrative Court decides in a panel of three judges, except in certain cases provided for by law in which a single judge rules.
The Supreme Court decides on the discontinuation of proceedings by a single judge, on appeals and audits in a panel of three judges, in conflicts of jurisdiction between the Administrative Court and the General Court or, in the panel of three judges, in conflicts of jurisdiction between the Administrative Court and the Supreme Court in a panel of five judges.
You can find more information about the courts in Slovenia on the official website of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia.
This is a machine translated version of the content. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.
Last update: 03/10/2019