(NEW) 1 - My rights during the investigation

A. If I am a foreign national, does it affect the investigation?

 

B. What are the stages of an investigation?

 

i. Evidence gathering phase / Power of investigators

 

ii. Police custody

 

iii. Questioning

 

iv. Pre-trial detention

 

C. What are my rights during the investigation?

 

i. What is my right to an interpreter and translations?

 

ii. What are my rights to information and access to the case-file?

 

iii. What is my right of access to a lawyer and to have a third party informed of my situation?

 

iv. What is my right to legal aid?

 

v. What is important to know regarding:

 

a. Presumption of innocence

 

b. Right to remain silent and not to incriminate oneself

 

c. Burden of proof

 

vi. What are the specific safeguards for children?

 

vii. What are the specific safeguards for vulnerable suspects?

 

D. What are the legal time limits during the investigation?

 

E. What are the pre-trial preparations, including alternatives to pre-trial detention and possibilities for transfer to the home state (European Supervision Order)?

Last update: 05/05/2021

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

(NEW) 2 - My rights during trial

A. Where will the trial take place?

 

B. Can the charges be modified? If so, what is my right to information in this regard?

 

C. What are my rights during the court appearances?

 

i. Am I required to be present in the court? What are the conditions for me to be absent during the court case?

 

ii. What are my right to an interpreter and translated documents?

 

iii. Do I have the right to a lawyer?

 

iv. Which other procedural rights should I be aware of? (e.g. presentation of suspects in front of the court)

 

D. Possible sentences

Last update: 05/05/2021

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.

(NEW) 3 - My rights after the trial

A. Do I have the right to appeal the court’s decision?

 

B. What other recourse options do I have?

 

C. What are the consequences if I am sentenced?

 

i. Criminal record

 

v. Execution of sentence, transfer of prisoners, probation and alternative sanctions

 

Last update: 05/05/2021

The national language version of this page is maintained by the respective Member State. The translations have been done by the European Commission service. Possible changes introduced in the original by the competent national authority may not be yet reflected in the translations. The European Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to any information or data contained or referred to in this document. Please refer to the legal notice to see copyright rules for the Member State responsible for this page.