National information and online forms concerning Regulation No. 655/2014.
Regulation (EU) No 655/2014 on the European Account Preservation Order (EAPO) makes it easier to recover debt in the EU.
It creates a new Union procedure for freezing funds held in a bank account in another EU country.
It can be used in civil and commercial cases.
The regulation applies in all EU countries except Denmark.
This means that:
- creditors based in Denmark can’t apply for an EAPO
- you can’t apply for an EAPO on a Danish bank account.
You can only use the EAPO in cross-border cases. The procedure may be used in cross-border cases only, whereby the court carrying out the procedure or the country of domicile of the creditor must be in a different Member State than the one in which the debtor's account is maintained.
The regulation sets out the procedure for obtaining/enforcing an EAPO.
How to apply
To start the procedure, fill in the EAPO application form. You should attach any relevant supporting documents.
You’ll find all the forms you need below. You can download them or fill them in online.
You can also save and download your draft version.
There are 9 EAPO forms in total – the content of the forms is set out in Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1823.
Aside from the nine standard forms, an additional non-compulsory form was developed by the European Judicial Network in civil and commercial matters. The aim of this additional form is to be used by courts when account information needs to be requested from another authority in a given case, and it can be accessed here .
Can debtors challenge an EAPO?
Yes. As the EAPO is issued without the debtor being heard, the Regulation offers the debtor a number of ‘remedies’. These are possible grounds to contest the EAPO or how it’s enforced.
To apply for a remedy, fill in the remedy application form (form VII).
Both parties can appeal the remedy decision using the remedy appeal form (form IX).
Submission of forms to competent authority
Completed forms should be sent to the relevant competent authority in a manner required by the authority. More information on the contact details for competent authorities, relevant national legislature etc. can be found in the European Judicial Atlas section. This page contains dedicated national factsheets, some of which provide information on the competent authorities to which to send completed forms.
You can complete these forms online by clicking one of the links below. If you have already started a form and saved a draft, you can upload it using the "Load draft" button.
As of 1 January 2021, the United Kingdom is no longer an EU Member State. However, in the field of civil justice, pending procedures and proceedings initiated before the end of the transition period will continue under EU law. Until the end of 2022, the United Kingdom can continue to be selected in online (dynamic) forms for the purpose of these proceedings and procedures. An exception to this rule are the Public documents forms, in which the UK should not be selected.
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Last update : 25/04/2022