Cross-border cooperation (on both civil and criminal cases) has shown that European legal acts and mechanisms could be more effectively implemented for the benefit of citizens and businesses if there was more:
- understanding and mutual trust between legal practitioners in different EU countries;
- knowledge of EU legislation and cooperation instruments; and
- consistent understanding of EU law (to ensure correct application in national cases).
European judicial training involves training of legal practitioners in substantive and procedural EU legislation and improving their knowledge and awareness of national judicial systems in other Member States. Priority is given to the judges and prosecutors responsible for enforcing European Union law, but European judicial training is also essential for other legal practitioners, such as court staff, lawyers, solicitors, bailiffs, notaries and mediators. All legal practitioners must become competent in their role in the implementation of the European legislative framework. Mutual trust and understanding are also essential for ensuring a secure legal environment which upholds individuals' and companies' rights in a clear and consistent manner.
The Lisbon Treaty has for the first time given the European Union a legal basis for concerted action on European judicial training in both criminal and civil law.
However, the Member States retain primary responsibility in this area.
This section will therefore be progressively supplemented by contributions from the Member States, the European Commission and the legal professions.
It takes stock of the current situation as regards:
- European policy on training justice professionals in EU law;
- structures and networks for training legal practitioners at European level; and
- structures and networks for training legal practitioners at national level.
It also promotes the re-use of:
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Last update: 29/10/2014