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Training of legal practitioners at national level

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There are extensive training arrangements for legal practitioners in the Member States, which bear the main responsibility for the quality and scale of such training. Here we set out information on the organisation of national training in the Member States.


National training structures for the judiciary

Lawyers' training systems in the Member States

National training structures for the judiciary

National training structures are the main providers of European judicial training for the judiciary. Schools providing initial and continuous training exist in 17 Member States. In others, training is organised by the justice ministry, the council for the judiciary or court services.

Here is information regarding the structures in charge of judicial training in the EU Member States, which was provided by the structures themselves:

  • Belgium:

Since February 2008, the Link opens in new windowInstitute of Judicial Training organises training sessions for judges, public prosecutors, court staff and other professions of the judicial order.

The Link opens in new windowGerman Judicial Academy is responsible for continuous training of all judges and public prosecutors at national level.

The Judicial Studies Institute organises training, seminars and study visits for the judiciary. It is linked to the Link opens in new windowCourts Service of Ireland.

Factsheet on the National School for the JudiciaryPDF(131 Kb)en

Factsheet on the National School of ClerksPDF(129 Kb)en

  • Croatia:

As of 1 January 2010, the Link opens in new windowJudicial Academy of Croatia has been operating as a public institution whose objectives include efforts to organise initial training programmes for trainees in judicial bodies and candidates for judges and deputy prosecutors (the State School for Judicial Officials programme) and to ensure on-going professional training for judges and deputy prosecutors.

The Link opens in new windowLatvian Judicial Training Centre was established to provide continuous training to judges, court staff, bailiffs and other legal professionals.

The Link opens in new windowMinistry of Justice of Luxembourg is responsible for initial and continuous training of judges and public prosecutors.

  • Hungary:

The Link opens in new windowHungarian National Council of Justice is responsible for initial and continuous training of judges.

The Link opens in new windowHungarian Prosecutor General's office is in charge of the centre providing training to prosecutors and staff of the prosecutors' offices.

The Link opens in new windowJudicial Academy of Slovakia organises initial and continuous training for judges, public prosecutors and court staff.

  • Finland:

The Training unit of the Link opens in new windowMinistry of Justice of Finland is in charge of organising training for staff of the Ministry of Justice and of the Courts.

Factsheet on the Judicial Studies Board of Northern IrelandPDF(117 Kb)en

Factsheet on the Judicial Studies Committee for ScotlandPDF(128 Kb)en

For more detailed information on initial training courses in the Member States please consult the "Menu for Justice" project website by clicking Link opens in new windowhere (information on initial training can be accessed by selecting "access to country data set").

Lawyers' training systems in the Member States

Here are factsheets describing the lawyers' training systems in the EU Member States. They can be useful to national bars and help compare the training received by lawyers who want to exercise their right to freedom of establishment in another Member State.

  • Belgium:

French and German speaking lawyers:        in EnglishPDF(157 Kb)en in FrenchPDF(158 Kb)en

Dutch speaking lawyers:                               in EnglishPDF(150 Kb)en in FrenchPDF(157 Kb)fr

England and Wales:

Barristers:              in English iPDF(165 Kb)enn FrenchPDF(175 Kb)fr

Solicitors:              in English PDF(158 Kb)enin FrenchPDF(171 Kb)fr

Northern Ireland:

Barristers:              in EnglishPDF(152 Kb)en in FrenchPDF(158 Kb)fr

Solicitors:              in EnglishPDF(151 Kb)en in FrenchPDF(162 Kb)fr

Scotland      :

Advocates:            in EnglishPDF(150 Kb)en in FrenchPDF(155 Kb)fr

Solicitors:              in EnglishPDF(151 Kb)en in FrenchPDF(155 Kb)fr

The factsheets were elaborated by the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) and the European Centre for Judges and Lawyers of EIPA in the framework of the Pilot project on European judicial training. Click here for more information.


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Last update: 25/06/2014