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Rights of defendants in criminal proceedings - Greece

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These factsheets explain what happens when a person is suspected of or accused of a crime which is dealt with by a trial in court.

Summary of the criminal process

Pre-trial proceedings/criminal prosecution

This part of the procedure starts when the prosecutor is notified that an offence is likely to have been committed. It continues with the exercise of the criminal prosecution and concludes either by referring the accused to a trial or ending the prosecution.

The purpose of this step is to clarify the case as far as possible in order to determine whether there are serious indications that the accused has committed the offence, so that it is referred to the competent court or not.

Hearing in court

At this stage the case is tried until the decision is taken and the judgment is delivered.


This is the means provided for by the law in favour of a person, in order to be able to challenge the decision of a criminal court.

These are:

  • the appeal, which seeks to have the contested decision annulled or annulled for factual or legal reasons.
  • repeat the procedure and annul the decision on legal grounds in whole or in part.

Details about all of these stages in the process and about your rights can be found in the factsheets. This information is not a substitute for legal advice, it is only the provision of general instructions.

Information on traffic offences for which a standard penalty is usually imposed, e.g. a fine, can be found in Link opens in new windowPage 5.

If you are the victim of a crime, you can find full information about your rights here.

Role of the European Commission

Please note that the European Commission has no role in criminal proceedings in Member States and cannot assist you if you have a complaint. Information is provided in these factsheets about how to complain and to whom.

Click on the links below to find the information that you need

Link opens in new window1 — Getting legal advice

Link opens in new window2 — My rights during the investigation of a crime and before the case goes to court

  • Preliminary examination/investigation/preliminary investigation.
  • Arrest/restrictive conditions/arrest
  • Procedure before the Councils for the Judiciary
  • Surveys, fingerprints and DNA

Link opens in new window3 — My rights in court

Link opens in new window4 — My rights after the court makes its decision

Link opens in new window5 — Road traffic and other petty offences

This is a machine translated version of the content. The owner of this page accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the quality of this machine translated text.

Last update: 19/07/2019